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2012年3月 1日 (木)

"Auld lang syne" and the graduation ceremony in Japan

It is March,end of school year in Japan. Almost schools and Universities have graduation ceremony in this month.Japanese school year begins at April and ends at March normally now a days, but almost schools bigin at September until 1891.


The Japanese government order that Japan's first consolidated,modern school system in 1872. Gakusei. The first 20 years of Japanese modern school system, national school year was not established, but almost schools begin at September.In 1872,The first normal school founded in Tokyo, This school runs on term system, the first term begins at September,and the second term ends at July. Almost elementally schools in Japan allow this system. Schools have end term examination in each term.A graduation certificate issue in each term. So , a graduation ceremony was not the same as recent style of course.The modern graduation ceremony was established at normal schools and naval academy and military school.First years of Japanese modern education, a qualification from normal school was a license of teacher.Then qualifications was handling from the school master to the graduates. New teachers went to every capitals in every region in Japan.Teachers runs schools as they were taught in the normal school, school ceremonies spread all schools all over Japan.


"The fireflies HOTARU" or "The lights of fireflies HOTARU NO HIKARI" is one of the first songs of Japanese music education.The first songbook for elementary school was published in 1882. "The fireflies" has the melody of " Auld lang syne" a scottish fork song,"Auld lung sine" is sung in new year's eve in USA and GB today. But almost Japanese have been believed "The fireflies" was sung in March."The fireflies" was wrote words by Inagaki Chikai as a ceremony song of graduation ceremony. But fireflies is a worm in summer. Why?The graduation ceremony was operated in July until mid of Meiji era. The habit of spring graduation was established within this 120years.


Tokyo university and some universities began to ague autumn entrance. We have not to persist in our modern habit in physically and mentally.If we need change, we have to argue freely and deeply with historical points of view. In Meiji era, many people tried to everything."Stadtluft macht frei." "The atmosphere of cities makes us free." An atmosphere of free in Meiji era was establishedby a spirit of not to be worried about fail. We need to have a courage for change.

 

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